Depending on where you live (Gardening Zones) your probably saying, “It’s a bit cold to be thinking about gardening”. but I have to let you know, no matter where you live there are things that can be done all year month. This post is what you can do in your garden in January.
January is a great month for planning, placing orders and organizing.
For many plants winter is the right time to work on them. I will go through some areas you can tackle during the colder month of January no matter where you live.
- Check your stored bulbs every couple of weeks – get rid of any rotten ones.
- If they look dried out, mist the packaging you have them stored in with water.
- Sow seeds in indoor flats for spring planting
- Zones 7 and warmer can plant summer and fall flowering bulbs now.
- Frost free zones (11+ warmer) can plant spring annuals outside.
- Clip faded blossoms from your Christmas Amaryllis plants.
- Take a walk through your garden and look for uprooted plants that may need extra mulch for protection from the cold
- Continue to protect containers with plants in them from the freezing temperatures.
- Start seeds indoors
- Keep watering containers if above freezing
- Remember not to walk or drive on the frozen grass if possible
- A winter weed control to prevent broad leaf weeds can be added to the lawn
Trees & Shrubs
- In warmer zones protect trees and tender shrubs by covering them with burlap
- Prune dormant trees and shrubs now including fruit trees. In warmer zones wait until after they bloom.
- Hold off on pruning spring flowering shrubs until after they bloom
- Inspect your rose coverings to be sure it’s secure
- Inspect stakes and wires on newly planted trees to ensure they aren’t damaging the bark
- Leave snow in place as an insulator – remove, gently, only if they weight may damage or break the plant
Zones 7 and warmer can:
- Plant bare root, balled/burlapped and container grown trees and shrubs
- Begin planting roses
Fruits & Veggies
- If your winter veggies are looking yellow and add some nitrogen fertilizer
- Prune dormant fruit trees and grape vines
- Inspect stored fruits and vegetables such as apples and potatoes and get rid of any rotten ones
- Continue applying dormant spray to fruit trees – Don’t spray during wind, rain or freezing temperatures.
- Sow seeds indoors for spring vegetable planting
- Increase humidity around tropical plants
- Grow an indoor herb garden
- Keep plants clean by gently wiping or rinsing
- Reduce fertilization but continue watering – make sure your water is room temperature to prevent shocking your plants
- Keep plants out of drafty areas and in the brightest spots possible
- Be sure plants don’t touch cold windows and close the drapes at night to keep out the cold
- Re-pot any root/pot bound plant
- Give your holiday cactus a rest by cutting back on the watering but keeping it indirect light
- Have your soil tested to determine if supplements are needed
- Till workable soil and work in supplements, this also gives you the added benefit of exposing buried insect eggs and larvae for the birds
- Don’t forget to feed the birds
- Take in your lawn mower for blade sharpening or repairs
- Clean, oil and repair Garden tools
- Add cooled fireplace ash to the compost pile
- Avoid using salt near plants, instead use sand, saw dust or organic kitty litter
- Start reviewing your garden books and make a list
Draw out any changes you want to make to your garden